##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Saman Shurabi Sani Majid Baghaei-Nejad Mona Kalate Arabi

Abstract

In this study, a system for monitoring the structural health of bridge deck and predicting various possible damages to this section was designed based on measuring the temperature and humidity with the use of wireless sensor networks then it was implemented and investigated.
This paper also presents the experimental development of an automatic wireless sensor monitoring system for concrete structures. The objective is to provide a solution to measure both temperature and humidity inside a concrete structure. The research has been focused in the early age and curing phase period. Four solutions have been addressed.
The first one involves the use of a negative temperature coefficient thermistor and an IRIS mote allowing for the creation of an IEEE 802.15.4 network. The second one considers the use of the SHT15 sensor, together with the PIC18F4680 microcontroller or the Arduino platform. The third solution involves the use of the SHT21S sensor and the eZ430-RF2500 wireless development tool platform for the MSP430 microcontroller. Finally, the fourth solution considers both the SHT15 and SHT21S sensors completely shielded allowing for the creation of a long-term solution. The potential of applying the proposed inexpensive wireless sensor network approach is completely investigated and verified.

Article Details

References
[1] K. Sohraby, D. Minoli, and T. Znati. Wireless Sensor Networks: Technology, Protocols, and Applications. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 231-304, 2007.
[2] T. Abdelzaher, N. Pereira, and E. Tovar. Wireless Sensor Networks: 12th European Conference. Porto, Portugal: Springer, pp. 992-1003, 2015.
[3] B. Krishnamachari, A. L. Murphy, and N. Trigoni. Wireless Sensor Networks: 11th European Conference. Oxford, UK: Springer, pp. 445-456, 2014.
[4] G. P. Picco and W. Heinzelman. Wireless Sensor Networks: 9th European Conference. Trento, Italy: Springer, pp. 703-711, 2012.
[5] M. Younis, I. F. Senturk, K. Akkaya, S. Lee, and F. Senel, "Topology management techniques for tolerating node failures in wireless sensor networks: A survey," Computer Networks, vol. 58, pp. 254-283, 2014.
[6] M. Srbinovska, C. Gavrovski, V. Dimcev, A. Krkoleva, and V. Borozan, "Environmental parameters monitoring in precision agriculture using wireless sensor networks," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 88, pp. 297-307, 2015.
[7] A. Nadeem, M. A. Hussain, O. Owais, A. Salam, S. Iqbal, and K. Ahsan, "Application specific study, analysis and classification of body area wireless sensor network applications," Computer Networks, vol. 83, pp. 363-380, 2015.
[8] M. Hammoudeh and R. Newman, "Adaptive routing in wireless sensor networks: QoS optimisation for enhanced application performance," Information Fusion, vol. 22, pp. 3-15, 2015.
[9] P. Moyo, J. Brownjohn, R. Suresh, and S. Tjin, "Development of fiber Bragg grating sensors for monitoring civil infrastructure," Engineering Structures, vol. 27, pp. 1828-1834, 2005.
[10] M. Mokhtar, K. Owens, J. Kwasny, S. Taylor, P. Basheer, D. Cleland, et al., "Fiber-optic strain sensor system with temperature compensation for arch bridge condition monitoring," IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 12, pp. 1470-1476, 2012.
[11] J. Ko and Y. Ni, "Technology developments in structural health monitoring of large-scale bridges," Engineering Structures, vol. 27, pp. 1715-1725, 2005.
[12] F. A. Branco and P. A. Mendes, "Thermal actions for concrete bridge design," Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 119, pp. 2313-2331, 1993.
[13] C. R. Farrar and S. W. Doebling, "Structural health monitoring at Los Alamos national laboratory," IEE Colloquium on Condition Monitoring: Machinery, External Structures and Health, 1999, pp. 2/1-2/4.
[14] N. Cooke, M. Priestly, and S. Thurston, "Analysis and design of partially prestressed concrete bridges under thermal loading: Prestressed Concr." Computer-Aided Design, vol. 16, issue 6, pg. 338, 2009.
[15] S. Thurston and M. Priestley, "Influence of cracking on thermal response of reinforced concrete bridges," Concrete International, vol. 6, pp. 36-43, 1984.
[16] C. Rodrigues, C. Félix, A. Lage, and J. Figueiras, "Development of a long-term monitoring system based on FBG sensors applied to concrete bridges," Engineering Structures, vol. 32, pp. 1993-2002, 2010.
[17] H.-N. Li, D.-S. Li, and G.-B. Song, "Recent applications of fiber optic sensors to health monitoring in civil engineering," Engineering Structures, vol. 26, pp. 1647-1657, 2004.
[18] J. Li, S. Chen, F. Yu, W. Guo, and V. Ojekunle, "Development and Application of a Remote Monitoring and Analysis System for a High Speed Railway Subgrade Structure in Mountainous Areas," in International Symposium on Systematic Approaches to Environmental Sustainability in Transportation, pp. 1478-1485, 2015.
[19] W. McCarter, T. Chrisp, G. Starrs, N. Holmes, L. Basheer, M. Basheer, and S. V. Nanukuttan, "Developments in monitoring techniques for durability assessment of cover-zone concrete," Computer-Aided Design, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 294-303, 2010.
[20] C. Providakis and E. Liarakos, "T-WiEYE: An early-age concrete strength development monitoring and miniaturized wireless impedance sensing system," Procedia Engineering, vol. 10, pp. 484-489, 2011.
[21] P. J. Cruz, A. Diaz de Léon, J. P. Nunes, and C. K. Leung, "Design and mechanical characterization of fibre optic plate sensor for cracking monitoring," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 2137-2146, 2007.
[22] G. S. Duffó and S. B. Farina, "Development of an embeddable sensor to monitor the corrosion process of new and existing reinforced concrete structures," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 2746-2751, 2009.
[23] I. Martínez and C. Andrade, "Examples of reinforcement corrosion monitoring by embedded sensors in concrete structures," Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 31, pp. 545-554, 2009.
[24] W. McCarter, T. Chrisp, G. Starrs, N. Holmes, L. Basheer, M. Basheer, et al., "Developments in monitoring techniques for durability assessment of cover-zone concrete," 2nd International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures, Sapporo, Japan, pp. 865-880, 2010,
[25] G. Song, H. Gu, Y. Mo, T. Hsu, and H. Dhonde, "Concrete structural health monitoring using embedded piezoceramic transducers," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 16, pp. 959-968, 2007.
[26] A. Norris, M. Saafi, and P. Romine, "Temperature and moisture monitoring in concrete structures using embedded nanotechnology/microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) sensors," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 1111-1120, 2004.
[27] C.-Y. Chang and S.-S. Hung, "Implementing RFIC and sensor technology to measure temperature and humidity inside concrete structures," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 2628-2637, 2012.
[28] R. Jurdak. Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks: A Cross-Layer Design Perspective. Dublin, Ireland: Springer, 2007, pp. 488-560.
[29] M. Priestley and I. Buckle, "Ambient thermal response of concrete bridges," 2nd Bridge Seminar, 1978, pp. 83-102.
[30] N. Barroca, L. M. Borges, F. J. Velez, F. Monteiro, M. Górski, and J. Castro-Gomes, "Wireless sensor networks for temperature and humidity monitoring within concrete structures," Construction and Building Materials, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 3156-3166, 2013.
How to Cite
shoorabi sani, saman, Baghaei-Nejad, M., & Kalate Arabi, mona. (2015). Study on Health Monitoring of Concrete Structures Using Wireless Sensor Networks. Journal of Electrical Systems and Signals, 3(1), 37-46. https://doi.org/10.22067/ess.v3i1.47877
Section
Researsh Articles